Winds of Atlanta

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Winds of Atlanta  

The story told here, while fiction, relates a very real truth of history, that General William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Armies, committed what we today would call Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes.  Contrary to Yankee revised history, Sherman is not nor never has been a hero, but rather a Criminal General, and saying so is only a matter of facing the realities of that long ago terrible war.  Had history taken its proper course, General Sherman as well as a number of other Union Officers and Enlisted Personnel, would have been placed on trial for their crimes.

This author is not an historical scholar; therefore the story will not be approached from a precise historical viewpoint, but will seek to present a general pattern.  It is my prayer that others more qualified, will take up the gauntlet and not only write a book dealing with Sherman’s crimes in the form of a story, but also cause to be produced a full length movie.  The movie should present on the silver screen, the capture and trial of General William Tecumseh Sherman, as it should have occurred in history.


Such a story and the movie version when produced, would hold the trial portion of the story as if it were an actual trial with Prosecuting and Defense Attorneys, conducted in the format of an real trial, in a court of law.  Join with us now as we travel back in time to the summer and fall of 1864, whereupon we will all bear witness to the capture and Trial of General Sherman.


General William Tecumseh Sherman acted as he did because he was of an evil nature, and in his own mind he was justified by that very evil nature within him.  Had conditions been reversed, one cannot imagine Generals John Bell Hood or any of the other Generals involved in the defense of Richmond, let along Robert E. Lee or Thomas J. 'Stonewall' Jackson, acting in such a manner.
"Ye shall know them by their fruits.  Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles?  Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit.  A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit." {Matthew 16-18}.
They could not help showing their cruelty and rapacity; they could not dissemble their true nature, which is the real cause of this war.  If they had been capable of acting otherwise, they would not have been Yankees, and we should never have quarreled with them." --- Judah P. Benjamin, Confederate Secretary of War.



Thursday 2 September 2010

Our story begins on Thursday 2 September 2010, it was a sunny, relatively warm day as Martin Garrett and myself, George McCullum, had paused at a truck stop along the Atlanta to Savannah Georgia Highway.  We had just left Atlanta that same morning, having stopped at the Stone Mountain Park the day before.  We were now on our way to Savannah along Highway 16 heading for a meeting with a few allies of the Gideon Battalion, in an attempt make some very important connections for the Confederate Cause.  Our discussion lead our thoughts back to Atlanta, and how great it would have been to stop Union General Sherman in his tracks.

When Martin, known as Marty to his friends, made a kind of off beat remark; George, my wife has a lady friend named Joyce Lowry whose husband Walter is a rancher from Montana, they’ve been buying up a number of those Mustangs that roam the national parks.  What if we could round up some Military Veterans, sufficient in number to where we could form an army?  Wait a minute Marty, you know by now I am not in the business of forming a Militia, let along a full scale Army.  Hold back George and let me finish, you’ve written a number of fiction stories about time travel, and Hollywood has certainly made enough movies dealing with the subject.

Come on Marty, I said, science fiction is one thing, but surely you don’t believe it is possible?  Marty kind of startled me with his answer; no, he said it is not possible, but I have heard of this old rich hermit hold up in the backcountry of Montana, who fits the description of a real live mad scientist.  This man was a ‘Tenured Professor of Physics’ at Yale University of all places, and during his tenure he was very successful with his investments in the Stock Market.  His colleges got so they’d make fun of him due to his wild theories, so he sold his lucrative stock at a very handsome price, resigned as Professor and moved to Montana.

We could look him up and pay him a little visit!  I’ve been in Montana Mark, and the term backcountry takes on a whole different meaning then here in Georgia.  All right Martin replied, once you leave the highway it is said to be 35 miles through terrain where even a lizard can’t survive, there are no roads whatsoever, so we’d be finding our way strictly by compass, the stars or else GPS satellites.  I’ve got an old Second World War Jeep that has been completely rebuilt from the ground up; it looks and runs better then it did when it was brand new.


That old Jeep will make the trip my friend and it is the ‘best set of wheels’ for the job, besides it gets much better mileage then a Humdees.  And let me add, this Second World War Jeep even comes with a canvas top, to keep the sun off our heads!  Your wife Martha, I replied, is quiet an outdoor lady is she not?  Yes George, she is a lot like that Moose Hunter Lady from Alaska, what do you have in mind George?  Well Marty, I suggest you have Martha pick up my wife Janine and pay her friend in Montana a visit, we can meet them in Montana in four days or less.

The two ladies can discuss the horses as well as maybe obtaining a guide to the backcountry; just maybe someone knows more precisely where this X-Professor, and mad scientist is hold up.  Soon we finished our meal and headed outside to the car, each of us pausing to call our respective wives.  I don’t know about Martha, but my own wife Janine would be pleased to be making a trip to Montana, since she hasn’t been involved in anything really adventurous in some time.  While the ladies were making their plans to travel to Montana, the two of us continued our journey to Savannah.

Monday 6 September 2010

Our meeting in Savannah turned out to be more of a discussion on the purchase of the Mustangs, and how we would use them, then anything else; no one else in the group could figure out why we wanted so many horses.  Nonetheless as doubtful as they were, they did manage to come up with the name of an Army Sergeant Major, Retired, who could talk a polar bear into buying a portable heater.  He would be brought onboard, along with whomever else he could come with to assist, so we could recruit 75,000 Military Veterans, preferably Army or Marines, plus a sufficient numbers of Officers.

Our plan was to put together three Armies of 25,000 each to consist of 20,000 Infantry and 5,000 Cavalry!  We were hoping that among those numbers, a sizeable percentage of them would also have experience with horses.  If by some miracle we managed to get the men and the horses together, those mustangs would have to be broken and the inexperienced Cavalrymen would need training in horsemanship.  The more I thought about it the more I decided within myself that we had to be plum craze, to come up with an outlandish plan such as this.

Even then we were staking everything on the impossibility that a hermit scientist, whom we may not be able to locate, could devise a way of traveling back in time to 1864, for the purpose of putting down General Sherman.  The entire plot is made more insane, inasmuch as I don’t even believe it can be done.   Anyhow I did believe something good would come out of all this, whatever it may happen to be, and that somehow it will advance the cause.  Should we fail we could simply integrate our 75,000 troops into the Confederate Legion and go on the march in parades and protests.
It was now Monday 6 September 2010; our ladies Martha and Janine had left for Montana two day before, so Martin Garrett and myself George McCullum, stopped by Marty’s home in Marietta Georgia.  We then loaded his Jeep onto a trailer; pulled by his 2009 Ford 150 Pickup, then stopped by my own home in Way Cross not far away, and headed for Montana.  We weren’t in a hurry, but after all it is early September and in Montana who knows when fall will turn to winter.  We wanted to locate this hermit scientist before the first snow; we called our wives, which were even then arriving in Montana, so as to see how things were progressing.

After two days more we finally arrived in the area of Fort Benton Montana, which is located northeast of Great Falls in what is known as the Big Sky Country, and I might add Western Montana has some of the best fishing to be found anywhere.  We called our wives and used Marty’s Global Positioning device in the dash of his truck to pinpoint the exact location of the ranch.  Given that since two of us have been traveling together, we were able to rotate drivers while the other rested, so we made good time.  The Global Positioning was able to home in on our wives telephone signals; soon Marty and I were on our way for the last leg of the trip.


Several hours more and we were entering the Broken Arrow Ranch, which we learned later consisted of 5,000 acres, in addition to having access to grazing lands at a very reasonable price, lands in access of 35 square miles, located adjacent to a National Park.  It was beginning to appear as though the Federals would unintentionally be contributing to our venture.  General John Hunt Morgan would have loved the paradox of Yankees helping to bring about a Confederate Victory.  It also appeared the three ladies, Martha Garrett, Joyce Lowry and my own wife Janine McCullum had already talked Walter Lowry into supporting the effort.

As it turned out Walt was not merely a rancher, he also ran a highly successful spread and it showed, which made it more then obvious, he knew people and had connections.  The better part of ranching is running a sound business and Walt was probably the best in Montana, but besides being an excellent rancher as well as a good judge and caretaker of horses, he was a weapons enthusiast.  In his younger years, he was a Special Forces Captain in the First Gulf War!  Walt could identify just about every type of hand held weapon known as well as its manufacturer; even more importantly, he knew precisely where to buy the weapon, if necessary.
Our first meeting with the Garrett family was warm, but we did not talk of the plans that had been agreed to or of searching for the mysterious Professor we had come to know as Albert Einstone, that part would wait until tomorrow.  On this particular day we got acquainted, socialized and relaxed!  My only concern came in the form of a question, which I had asked of myself; had we bitten off more then we could chew?  After all we have never managed to be able to recruit more then a very small number for the Confederate Legion or the Gideon Battalion, how did I think we could come up what amounted to five full divisions?
Tuesday 7 September 1010
It was Tuesday 7 September before we really got down to business; we began with a conference at the ranch involving Walter Lowry the owner of the ranch and his wife Joyce, Martin Garrett my friend from Georgia and myself George McCullum along with my wife Janine.  While the ladies were preparing coffee and snacks, Walt began the discussion; George, you have indicated that you will not support a militia, an army, or any type of armed force during this period of time, and we shall respect your position.  We can work around that by preparing everything short of arming, until just prior to entering the time field, should that prove possible.

I have a friend named Calvin Brevard who will be arriving later this evening, I am suggesting that he and George take the Jeep and locate this Professor Albert Einstone, If you find him be careful to pronounce his name ‘Einstone’ not Einstein’ since he’s very touchy about his name, and don’t call him Al, you’ll get an angry response.  Let me say this, I am not acquainted with all of the people that we will needed in order to get this job done, but collectively, together with those who are my friends, we will set this project up like a machine.  The only way this can work is if we do precisely that; think of what we are doing as an assembly line!
We will obtain the horses, then ship them to 12 different ranches throughout the west, where they will be well feed, broken, saddled and made ready for Cavalry use.  This means we will need contributions from a number of rich folks, as well as many more average Confederate Patriots, who believe in the Cause.  The recruitment of the 75,000 men we will need is already underway and contacts will be made tomorrow as to procuring the necessary uniforms and other accoutrements.  As for weapons, our Officers should carry a sword and a pistol; enlisted men will need a Bowie knife with sheath, as well as a rifle.

And yes our weapons will be of a modern variety, save of course our swords!  Additionally we would be foolish to carry with us heavy field artillery such as cannon; rather we should take Rocket Launchers or even better a Bazooka.  All these things must be readied and assembled at the precise place and time specified by Professor Einstone.  Let me say this about the good professor, he is indeed a hermit and even takes on the appearance of a mad scientist, but he is beyond a doubt the most brilliant man alive today.  If time travel proves possible, it is he who will make it happen!
I could tell that Marty had a question of his own, and it showed in his eyes!  Walt, this is no easy task, preparing an army of 75,000 with all they will need, it is like moving the entire city of Richmond to the West Coast and reassembling it exactly as it was in Virginia.  Can we really do this?  Walt responded; The Yankee Empire moved 500,000 troops to Iraq, and that tells me it can be done, it won’t be easy, but I believe I have rounded up the team that can get the job done.  Let me say that everything we will need must be made ready in their proper sequence, such as weapons, and of course requisitions must go out soon, if these items are to be on hand when the time comes.
Oh, by the way, the rifle of choice must of necessity be 30-Caliber Carbines; our Weapons Officer has located what must be a trainload of them in a warehouse, with plenty of clips and ammunition, and they are for sale as military surplus.  Here’s one for Dirty Harry, they also have huge numbers of Smith and Wesson 44 Magnums, also with ammunition, and to spare.  The Carbines were common during the late 1950’s through the 1960’s; they were phased out after that time.  These weapons have been stowed away for a long time now; we can purchase them through an underling, without attracting any attention.

My question was this; Speaking of weapons, how are we to train 75,000 troops without bringing the Federals down on us?  Walt replied; the troops will be assembled in 150 different locations throughout the 48 continental States, trained, uniformed and made battle ready.  We will be setting up a series of Firing Ranges with Instructors Licensed to teach ‘Gun Safety!’  These Firing Ranges will hold permits to stock the various kinds of weapons, among them will be those we will need, they will train people in their safe use.  Each location will be chosen based upon State, County, Parish or Municipal Laws and Regulations.
Texas will serve our needs more so then any other State!  After the meeting, the days passed, and just as Walt described, a well-oiled machine type organization took shape, the assembly line was in full operation, and it did indeed take two years to put everything together.  In the meantime, after being given Professor Einstone’s location, Calvin Brevard and myself traveled south on Highway 15 through Great Falls, then north into the Hungry Horse Reservation.  Finally we found ourselves in an area where civilization seemingly had never reached.  We decided this hermit Professor could not possibly live in such a place; that was until his home was spotted, if it could be called a home.

Wednesday 8 September 2010

As we approached what roughly could be called a door we both looked at each other, knowing we had the same thought in mind, who or what, if anything, will answer our knock.  Finally the door began to open, and ever so slightly, a man of around 55 years of age appeared, having a full, mostly gray beard, shaggy hair and bushy eyebrows.  Even Hollywood could never dream up a character such as he who stood before us!  What do you want, why are you here, ask the Professor?  Calvin spoke for both of us; we need to speak to you Professor Einstone, it is critically important that we do.  Come on in then, replied the Professor!
The structure was built alongside the mountain and between the rocks; it looked well protected from any unwelcome guests as well as the elements, but in some ways, from the outside it appeared as if the entire place was delivered on a dump truck.  However from the inside it was more like a well-built rustic cabin, having all the modern amenities, as crude as they were.  The Professor invited us to have a seat in the living area of his small cabin; what do you want of me, he asked?  This time Calvin looked at me with an expression that made it clear, he wished me to explain the purpose of our visit.

I looked at Professor Einstone wondering what he would think of the reason for our visit; you are known, as a ‘free thinker’ so what I have to say would seem outlandish to some, but believe me, we are most serious.  Is it possible to travel, either backward or forward in time?  You do ask an unusual question, replied the Professor?  Nonetheless I will answer just straightforward, as you have asked; yes it is possible!  Why would you want to travel through time, and where is your proposed destination?  The Battle of Atlanta, I replied, from June through September 1864 is where we wish to travel.

Quite frankly Professor we wish to go back in time and reverse the outcome of that terrible war and end a tragedy that should never have happened, and do so under better circumstances.  The Professor arose from his chair and walked about the floor in silence for a few moments, when he once again spoke he surprised both of us.  I have waited all my professional life for someone to propose precisely such a venture; you realize you will need to take with you the finest possible army?  The fact that you two gentlemen are here tells me you must have thought this thing through, and are even now putting your army together, are you not?

Yes Professor Einstone, we have a dedicated organization working diligently in order to build such an army; it will likely take us two years, putting us midway into 2012 before our proposed launch date.  The Professor continues his pacing, then once again he spoke; your launch date has no relationship to your arrival date in 1864.  Additionally, considering how long it will take for preparations, as well as the timing of the process, we are looking at December two years hence, 27 months from now, in the middle of the winter.  Is this suitable for you, knowing it means transporting your families, animals, equipment and men during the worst weather of the year.

Professor, if you don’t mind me asking, why is it possible for you to institute time travel when it has proven impossible for anyone else?  You two gentlemen are familiar with the Philadelphia Experiments, which occurred during the Second World War?   We both looked at each other, then Calvin answered again for both of us; yes I have, but I’ve always thought the whole story was fiction.  Writers, journalist as well as the Hollywood movies have indeed exaggerated the story, but the story is essentially true, said the Professor.  The experiments were a miserable failure not because the science was wrong, but because the tools were unavailable at that time, which would have made it possible.

Time travel requires a magnetic field so intense and the frequency so high, as to create a near solid wall; in our case the field would resemble a category five hurricane lying parallel to the earth.  Gentleman, I will take you back to 1864 on two conditions!   If your demands are reasonable, stated Calvin, they will be met; what might they be Professor Einstone?  The Professor looked at both of us then replied; your people will move me as well as my laboratory to the ranch, set it up there, and then provide me living quarters.  When the time comes, you will take me with you, back to the 1864 time period!

Friday 21 September 2012

It was now Friday 21 September 2012, the time of our departure was drawing close, and the now Lieutenant General Walter Lowry had called a meeting of his General Staff, in order to bring all the elements of his Army together.  His General Staff included Lieutenant General and Executive Officer, Lieutenant General William Tatum, as well as Major Generals Perry Lawton, Sterling Preston and Edward Harrison, but there was a surprise for General Lowry.  Joining the meeting was Colonel John Marshall, a Black Confederate Officer in Command of a full regiment of 1500, consisting of the sharpest troops to be found anywhere, and they were also, all Black.

Colonel John Marshall was to be attached to the General Staff as a Special Tactics Command; Colonels Calvin Brevard and Martin Garrett were also attached to the General Staff as Command Assistants.  Also in attendance was Professor Albert Einstone, who added viability to their venture by making time travel possible!  He decided to hold the meeting in Lowry’s barn, which was clean, filled with straw and comfortable; bails of hay had been laid in a semicircle with one of them standing on end, serving as a kind of podium.   Lieutenant General Walter Lowry opened the meeting with a Prayer offered by Colonel Edward Wright our Chaplain!

Then he made a formal introduction of all of the members of his General Staff, after which he covered the tactics to be used, which would be necessary in subduing General William Tecumseh Sherman.  Among these tactics was to keep him busy, thus throwing him off his strategy and into a trap.  He then ask Colonel John Marshall to stand to his feet, whereupon he introduced the Staff Officers to the new Commander of their only all Black Regiment.  Colonel Marshall, upon arrival in 1864, your assignment is to be our version of J.E.B. Stuart and ride around the Union Armies in a series of hit and run attacks.


Our First Corps, Major General Perry Lawton will move his army around Atlanta from the north, Major General Sterling Preston’s Third Corps will move to the South and mean while Major General Edward Harrison’s Second Corps will be moving directly through Atlanta itself.  I will communicate with Lieutenant General John Bell Hood, inform him of our presence and coordinate our moves with his.  We will remove forever the threat posed by the Criminal General Sherman!  Hood’s Army was divided into six Corps that is until Lieutenant General Leonidas Poke was killed on 14 June 1864 near Marietta.  By using a joint strategy we can corner Sherman northeast of Atlanta!

Now, I’d like Professor Einstone to explain the timetable leading up to our departure back into time!  The Professor arose and came forward, standing behind the Bail of Straw that has been used as the podium.  Professor Einstone!  The one question none of you have asked of me is this; have I tested my theory by making a journey through time myself?  The answer is yes; I indeed traveled back to 1861 to Montgomery, and witnessed the inauguration of Jefferson Davis, as our Provisional President.  However I had to be careful not to alter anything, absolutely nothing could be changed!


This leads me to the issue of the wives, children and for some of our troops, their girlfriends or fiancés!  Once we have arrived in the year 1864, and have defeated General Sherman’s Army, everything thereafter is altered.  We can no longer be certain that those left behind in the present will even exist.  An example would be those Confederate Soldiers that were killed during the period of fighting at the Battle of Atlanta, as it now stands; however once Sherman is defeated many of those, which presently have died, will instead live out their lives.  They will return home after the war, marry and father children, children that where never born under our current time line.

In like manner many Yankee Soldiers, which did not die in battle, will now die, the children they would have fathered, will not be born, thus their descendants, which are alive today will never have existed.  This bears a direct relationship to your situation; those who go with us will continue to exist, regardless of how we alter what will then be future history.  But those left behind may not even exist nor will the world we now know, everything changes, thus we cannot return to this present year, it is a one way trip.  We therefore must take with us, all of our loved one!


Additionally, those who go with us must adapt to society, as it existed then, in the way we dress ourselves, in our customs, our mannerisms, also in our speech, and in every way.  Therefore provisions are even now being made for the loved ones of our troops to be sustained until the war is over.  Those who have not already done so must let us know as soon as possible, that their loved ones will be ready to depart on the 19th of December ahead of our troops.  They will be greeted by members of my staff upon arrival and transported to a safe haven.


Monday 17 December 2012

The process of sending so many people through what could be called a Time Funnel, could very well take approximately three days.  The first group will be those who will send and store our supplies of food, uniforms, weapons and ammunition so our Army may be periodically re-supplied.  We will of course take with us the information gathered over the past 148 years of man’s technological advancement!  We will need this knowledge in order to ensure the Confederacy will stay ahead of our adversaries, whom ever they may eventually be.  However the advance knowledge of today’s technology must remain secret, and feed to society gradually!

Now, back to General Lowry!  General Lowry stood briefly and invited Lieutenant General William Tatum to speak; Lieutenant General Tatum stated that each of our three Corps must have been already mustered by 8:00 A.M. on 18 December, in uniform, fully equipped and prepared for battle.  You will muster your troops on the grazing lands adjacent to the ranch to the north; the 18th will be spent organizing your commands, in preparation for departure at 7:00 A.M. on the, 19th, 20th and 21st respectively, according to your schedule departure dates.


Each of you have been given a list of everything you must have with you, read them carefully; if any questions arise, please get in touch with either Colonel Calvin Brevard or myself.  Most of you will need to transport your Army Corp from a great distance away, remember, it is better to arrive early then to arrive late.  You’ve been provided the funds to transport your men, there loved ones, horses, saddles and accoutrements, so if there is a need for additional funds, don’t wait, let me know as soon as possible.  Lieutenant General Tatum then left the Straw Podium, as General Lowry stood to his feet.

If there are no further questions, then you are all dismissed, and may God be with you!  As they arose to depart General Lowry called out to Lieutenant General Tatum, I’d like you to remain!  Soon everyone had departed, save for General Tatum or Willie, as he was known by his friend General Walter Lowry; make sure these people, their horses and gear arrive here as quietly as possible.  We mean the authorities absolutely no harm, but they are unaware of our intentions, they will see what appears to be an Armed Force.  This is why I am having our three Corps, along with John Marshall’s Regiment to muster in the leased pastor north of the ranch.

In that location, they cannot be seen from the highway!  If State Troopers or the Sheriff’s Department takes notice, I’d like you to take over, as the on the scene commander, so our operations will continue uninterrupted.  I will then assure the law, that given a few more days, we will be gone and the entire area cleared of any sign that we were ever here, which is true.  Walt, would you mind me asking a kind of personal question?  No, replied Walt, go ahead!  Well, I’ve wonder for a while now, why did you get involved in all this; you are from Montana after all, are you not?

Walt looked at his friend with a smile, well, mine is the family of Brigadier General Mark Perrin Lowery, and they fought under Lieutenant General John J. Hardee, who himself fought under Lieutenant General John Bell Hood.  These Generals as you know, were all present with their Corps, at the Battle of Atlanta.  So besides being a Confederate Patriot, this is a very personal mission!  Oddly enough, should I cross paths with my ancestor, I will not be able to address him as a relative.  Of course replied Willie how could you, you’d have to tell him that you came from 148 years in the future and they’d think you were of an unsound mind.

The next three months passed quickly and during that time the various Army Commands began to pour into the area, until by Monday 17 December all of them were settled into their encampments on the 35 square mile grazing area at the north border of the ranch.  We were extremely fortunate, inasmuch as the weather, while cold, still was not unbearable and there was no more then a powdery layer of snow on the ground, which naturally could change quickly.  This left sufficient grass for the more then 15,000 horses, plus several hundred mules to graze on, until the departure dates had arrived.

As Senior Advisor to General Walter Lowry and now having been assigned the rank of Colonel, I made rounds of all the commands so as to be certain the troops all had access to certain items, among these were era style Tooth Brushes, Rain Parkas, Winter Parkas and a sufficient stock of non-perishable compact food, which includes “H.E.B.’s” or High Energy Biscuits, Blankets and Tents.  I also checked to see if the horses were properly shoed, blanketed and saddled; also of critical importance was that every soldier had the required medical shots as well as a stock of water purification tablets.


Wednesday 19 December 2012

Finally the day of departure arrived for Major General Perry Lawton’s First Corps; he had already marched his army onto the ranch and was lined up at the designated location by 6:30 A.M. the morning of the 19th waiting for Professor Albert Einstone, now commissioned ‘Colonel’ Einstone, who was activating the time sequence.  While he was waiting the Major General turned to General Lowry with a question; General, what name shall be given to this Army, as you know during that time period most Armies had a name.  Army of Northern Virginia and the Stonewall Brigade are two examples?  The General was quick in answering, The “A.C.G.”  Army of Central Georgia!


His question being answered, Major General Perry Lawton turned his head forward and finding Colonel Einstone to be ready, he saluted General Lowry.  Then he began marching his army through the huge time funnel and back to the year 1864, heading for a date with General William Tecumseh Sherman.  The Major General was not overly concerned about his supply situation, inasmuch as he knew adequate supplies covering just about every imaginable contingency had been put in place before hand.  Just as expected, his Army exited the time funnel southeast of Atlanta with no observable side effects.

He soon discovered it was 16 July 1864, so just as ordered he placed his Corps on the march around the east side of Atlanta!  He knew that General John Bell Hood, Hardee and Loring would face off with Sherman in four days at a place called Peachtree Creek, northeast of the city.  With his Carbines and Bazookas, along with the 44 Magnum Pistols carried by his Officers, when added to those Confederate Forces already on hand, they could overwhelm anything Sherman might throw at them.  On Sherman side there would be Generals Schofield, Thomas and Sherman himself.


Colonel Martin Garrett who had been the Administrative Officer prior to our departure from the 21st century, was now the Corp’s Executive Officer, the General halted his Corp long enough to order Colonel Garrett to assign a currier, which would deliver a message to General Hood.  The message must be memorized; we cannot take a chance on our presence being discovered to early by General Sherman.  The Colonel assigned a Private by the name of Kirk Stevens who was known as an excellent rider to deliver the message.  Just about the time Major General had ordered his Corps forward, the currier could be seen riding off in the distance at a good pace.

Brigade Commander, Brigadier General Mark Perrin Lowery was present along with Lieutenant Generals Hardee and Loring as Private Stevens was escorted through the lines to the Headquarters of General Hood.  Hoods own guard, standing just outside his now ragged tent, announced the curriers presence and Hood ordered that he be allowed to enter.  Private Sevens was exceptionally clean cut and his uniform in excellent condition, something rare in the beleaguered Confederacy.  The Officers present looked him over with what must have been a million questions in their minds!

What have you for me Private?  General Hood, sir, said the Private, I bear a message from my Commander, Major General Perry Lawton, who wishes to announce his arrival in the area with 25,000 troops and there are two more Corps on the way.  Together we are under the Command of Lieutenant General Walter Lowry, who should be arriving in the area shortly.  The General looked at Private Stevens, then replied; pull your knife out of its sheath.  The Private did as he was ordered, and the General continued, I recognize the knife as a Bowie, but your rifle is unknown to me.

Private Stevens looked at Lieutenant General Hood, he was not prepared to answer such questions, not being sure how much he should say; it’s a 30 Caliber Carbine, a repeating rifle, sir.  May I see it Private?  Stevens offered no reply, save to hand the rifle to Lieutenant General Hood!  The General looked it over and pulled the bolt back a very short space ever so carefully, then slowly allowed it to close again; your Army has traveled here from a very long distance, have they not Private?  Do you wish me to carry a reply back to my Commander, General Hood, ask the Private?

Yes, replied the General, tell your Commander I look forward to our meeting at his earliest possible convenience, and that I would be pleased to coordinate our strategies for a joint attack upon General Sherman.  By your leave sir, replied the Private, I will return with your reply, as for my Commander, the entire Corps is moving in this direction and is likely, not more then a couple of hours away.  With that, Private Kirk Stevens departed and was escorted out of the encampment and rode away.  General Hardee watching the Private depart, suggested to General Hood; that Private had a certain look in his eye, which speaks of mystery, like he is a visitor from further away then either of us can imagine.

16 July 1864


Back in the 21st century, Thursday 20 December came and went, now it was late afternoon of the 21st, the last of those, who had not passed through the time funnel, waited their turn.  General Walter Lowry was the last of the General Staff Officers remaining behind; Colonel John Marshall and his Black Special Tactics Regiment was the only combat Command still in the 21st century.  Professor Albert Einstone made last minute preparations, setting a timer attached to explosives that would destroy the devise, which had allowed them to travel back in time.

It was urgent that no one would be able to make use of the devise, after the last of them had departed!  While the Professor completed his preparations, General Lowry spoke to Colonel Marshall, Colonel he said, allow me to ask why you, a Black man would wish to support this project, by going back in time to reverse the outcome of the War for Confederate Independence?  Perhaps you’ve heard of Criswoldville Georgia, stated the Colonel?  Well, it’s only a Confederate Graveyard now, but back then, there was a village along side that graveyard.  Just outside of town there was once a series of Plantations.

What most history books fail to report is that knowing General Sherman was coming their way, the Black Slaves asked of their Plantations Masters permission to form a Militia, so as to face off with Sherman.  They did precisely that and only three made it back alive!  My ancestors were one of those 297 that perished in a face off with William Tecumseh Sherman.  Knowing that my ancestors sacrificed, as the military jargon goes, ‘there last full measure of devotion’ I have never been able to convince myself to support the Union Cause.  Quite frankly General, maybe I am a rare breed among Black Men, but I am convinced the South and the Confederacy was right.

Just then their attention was drawn to Professor Einstone who was signaling that the charges and the timer was set, that they should move through the time funnel quickly.  General Lowry’s attention was once more drawn away toward two Highway Patrolman, which had pulled into the ranch driveway and was walking their way.  They could not have missed seeing the huge tornado like funnel lying parallel to the ground.  Colonel Marshall, get your troops through the funnel now, hurry!  The Colonel’s forces were only 1500 men, so it didn’t take but a precious few moments and they were gone.

Now just two of them remained and they quickly stepped through the time funnel and into the past!  The two Highway Patrolmen stopped and gazed at what they were seeing.  One of them was a Sergeant by the name of Henry Kemper, who looked at his pardoner saying, did we both see what I think we saw.  Just a few days ago this ranch and the open range behind it were filled with people, now there is no one to be seen anywhere.  Just then the time device exploded, closing the time field forever!  Sergeant Kemper’s pardoner, a Corporal Roger Hanson, was far to awe struck to say very much, but simply uttered incoherent words.

Nonetheless the Corporal finally did manage to say a few auditable words, if I am asked later what I saw, he stated, my reply is that the place was found vacant, nothing more and nothing less, otherwise they’ll have both of us locked up in the robber room.  On the other side of the time funnel the Black Regiment arrived in good order, just below Atlanta, it was the mid afternoon of 16 July.  All of the Officers had been issued a ‘Walky Talky’, which were set to light up once the last of their command had arrived.  These devices were good for about 25 miles, since there were no towers or satellites in this time period; a Cell Phone type device would be useless.

Immediately a call was received from Major General Perry Lawton and his First Corps, that they had contacted Lieutenant General John Bell Hood and was approaching his encampment, even as they spoke.  Lieutenant General Lowry replied in the affirmative, that he would join them at Hood’s encampment shortly.  He then turned to Colonel Marshall, Colonel he said; march your Regiment straight through Atlanta at once and see if you can stall General Sherman’s Three Corps until our own Third Corps is in place to their rear.  The Second Corps should be approaching the outskirts of Atlanta to the northwest, even as we speak.

However they have been directed to avoid Sherman’s Army until they have passed by on their way to Peachtree Creek, Major General Edward Harrison’s Second Corps will then be behind Sherman, joined shortly by General Sterling Preston’s Third Corps.  Sherman will then be facing off with General Perry Lawton’s First Corps along with General Hood’s Army and find himself trapped in a vice front and rear.  Once Sherman’s lines have been softened General Lawton will move to Sherman left flank, while General Harrison moves to his right.  If we can drive Sherman into the Ravine at Peachtree Creek, we can roll up his lines like a carpet!

I am telling you these things Colonel, so you will have some ideas as to what is taking place, even while you are floating around out there alone.  Your job is to hit and run, harass them, slow them down, until Major Generals Preston and Harrison are in position!  I will be with Major General Lawton, now positioned alongside General Hood!  Colonel Marshall then orders his men forward toward Atlanta, even as he gave General Lowry a sharp salute.  The outcome of the Battle of Atlanta was about to change course, and thereby history would be altered forever!

As Colonel Marshall entered Atlanta he wonder how the good citizens would view an entirely Black Regiment of Confederate Soldiers passing through their town.  Black military units were as scarce as proverbial hens teeth, let alone an all Black Command having Black Officers; normally such commands have white Officers, which is true even of in the Union Army.  The hustle and bustle of Atlanta came to a screeching halt as his Black Army approach the center of the town.  Atlanta’s Mayor James Calhoun could be seen standing along the way, with several prominent politicians.

Major Clement Hoffman, Colonel Marshall’s Executive Officer, turned to his Commanding Officer speaking in a low tone of voice; Colonel you better make this real proper or we’ll loose our creditability here and now.  The Colonel turning to his XO smiled saying, let us pray that we all do this right!  Major, continue the march, slowly, while I dismount and pay the Mayor homage!  As he dismounted and approached Mayor Calhoun, he gave him a salute, good day Mr. Mayor.  Surprisingly the Mayor was very polite, replying, I am a little setback at seeing an entirely Negro Army, however, you and your soldiers are most welcome.

The Mayor looked right into the Colonel’s eyes and said; can you stop Sherman, Colonel?  Without being over confident Mayor Calhoun, I do believe we can.  I must however say good day to you sir, as he gave the Mayor a salute, mounted his stallion and rode ahead to the rejoin Major Hoffman at the front of his army.  As the Black Regiment continued on their way, slowly leaving Atlanta proper, the citizens lined up along the way so as to get a good look at the most amazing thing they had ever seen.  One elderly gentleman was heard to say; “I don’t care what color they are, as long as they are Confederate folk and can whip Sherman!”


19 July 1864


Neither Lieutenant General Walter Lowry nor Lieutenant General John Bell Hood could be sure, as to whether or not Sherman was aware of another Confederate Army in the area.  But they could not assume otherwise, inasmuch as Colonel John Marshall’s Black Regiment had carried out their mission to the letter.  The Colonel now known affectionate by his fellow Confederates as The Black Raiders, had been harassing General Sherman’s Armies in a series of hit and run raids.  These raids were cutting deep into Sherman supplies of food and black powder, added to this; his new repeating rifles were of little use without adequate ammunition.

By the evening of 19 July Sherman if nothing else, became fully aware that somehow Hood’s Confederates had been reinforced, inasmuch as he had felt the sting of their Carbines, during the numerous raids along the way.  Still General Sherman knew all to well, that he could not avoid a confrontation, and he would eventually have to face the full force of this now strengthened Confederate Army.  One forward Scout returning to Sherman’s encampment, which was now not far from Peachtree Creek, and reported that Hood knew of their position.  The Scout, a Private John Mahoney in a report to Sherman made it clear!

Private, ordered Sherman, what have you to report?  General Sherman, I’d must report that General Hood has indeed been reinforced, what I also discovered is the presence of an entirely new Confederate Army, made up of three different Corps.  The private paused for a moment, and Sherman ordered him, do continue Private, let’s hear the rest!   General, they have weapons, the likes of which I’ve never seen; their rifles are nothing like our repeaters.  They can cut down an entire line in a single round of shots!  What about their artillery son, what kind of cannon do they have, ask Sherman?  General Hood now has cannon not unlike our own, but this new Army has no cannon!

These newcomers have what looks like a length of pipe that rests on a man’s shoulder, when they fire, whatever it is they fire, it is totally effective and deadly.  Where were you Private when you saw these things, asked General Sherman?   The Private looked again at his Commander then replied; I was slipping through a wooded area when I spotted them on a raid against our own General Thomas, who was passing by at the time.  They simple positioned themselves at a distance and fired away, and then in the confusion, their cavalry rode through like wild men, shooting with some type of pistol, which is as powerful as any rifle.

Sherman had a couple more questions for his Private!  How do you know this new Confederate Army has three Corps?  General Sherman sir, I watch one Corps coming at me, north bound out of Atlanta, and another passed by me from the west.  I figured if they had two directions covered, they would in all likelihood have the third covered as well.  Very good Private, replied Sherman, but sir, there is one thing more!  Go ahead Private let me hear it, well, their uniforms, most Confederate have mixed uniforms, which are warn and ragged, and some have no uniforms at all, while still other are bare foot.

But these new soldiers wore clean uniform that looked new, as if they hadn’t been warn more then a few days, and sir, they were well tailored, and all of them were truly uniform.  If I hadn’t seen them in action, I’d have thought they were green troops!  You are dismissed Private, and you may return to your duties.  Private John Mahoney snapped a salute and retreated from Sherman’s Command Tent!  Your assessment of our situation, asked Sherman of Major General McPherson, who was standing near by.  My guess is that these new Confederates have come from afar, and they are professionals, I cannot believe otherwise! 

McPherson continued; my estimation is that these Confederates have two Corps at our rear, and a third positioned at our front, alongside General Hood’s reinforced three Corps, that means they have at least six Corps.  Not with standing a regiment of renegade Black Raiders attacking our lines at will, and these Black Raider would do John Hunt Morgan and J.E.B. Stuart proud.  I think they have weapons like nothing we’ve ever confronted, weapons that can destroy our army.  I am sure at least a portion of Hood’s Confederates has been issued these same weapons.

Nonetheless you ask for my assessment and I’ve given it, we will surely face them, sooner or later and I am convinced it will be sooner, rather then later.  There was little rest for William Tecumseh Sherman that night; he would face on the marrow an opposition he had not yet experienced thus far during this war.  And for the first time, he felt within himself that unless he could surprise his enemy, he would certainly loose the coming battle.  He thought to himself, I’ve always outnumbered and outgunned these Confederates, now the scales are reversed and I am short of everything, manpower, ammunition and even a winning strategy.

A.M. 20 July 1864


General Sherman dozed off but not for long, it was somewhere around 2:30 in the morning and he was awakened by gunfire coming from the northwest, he soon came to himself and realized, we are under attack.  He opened his tent flap and called out for his troops to be awakened and man the skirmish lines, very shortly afterward the bugler could be heard.  Major General James B. McPherson was the most agile and quick witted of Sherman’s Generals, and he had already taken the precaution the night before of doubling the Sentries on Duty and moving their perimeters out 50 yards further then normal.

The 2:30 A.M. attack found McPherson’s troops first to man the line in hopes of squashing the Confederate Attack, Sherman’s favorite General was also witty enough to know that an attack from the northwest meant only one thing, the enemy wanted to drive them into the ravine, which was not much more then a low area with an embankment on both sides of the creek, which was located just ahead of them.  McPherson rushed to Sherman’s command tent, upon approaching he called to Sherman, there’re fixing to drive us into the Creek, where they’ll have the advantage of the high ground.

Sherman orders his Artillery to man the northwestern lines of his defenses; soon the caissons began rolling, while this once peaceful encampment was being turned into what looked like total confusion.  Sherman speaking mostly to himself declared, they have as many or more troops at our forward position, why are they not attacking from that direction.  McPherson called back at Sherman, because they are leaving us an out, on purpose.  Already his cannon was being decimated, even as the two Generals attempted to organize a resistance, hopefully leading to a counter attack.

Sherman was feeling trapped for the first time, and he was unaccustomed to being overwhelmed by his Confederate opponent, but he did feel like there was no other option, so he gave the order, ‘fall back toward Peachtree Creek, now.’  McPherson replied, we’re doing precisely what they want us to do, and it will lead us to further disaster.  The combined Armies under General Sherman, including Generals Schofield, Thomas, Howard and McPherson whose troops were slightly to the South of Sherman, began to fall back toward the Creek in desperation.  Quickly they attempted to set up defensible skirmish lines against the embankments on both sides, which were within 20 yards of the Creek itself, both north and south.

The sun was just beginning to rise over the eastern horizon and what a beautiful day it was, but Sherman’s Army had no time for such things.  This day had developed into an advantage only for General Hood and this new army, an army he now knew of as the Army of Central Georgia, under Lieutenant General Walter Lowry.  To the south of Peachtree Creek Generals Hood and Lowry conferred as to the best tactic to use in order to close down Sherman’s rampage through Georgia, before it gets started.  Using their Walkie Talkies, they arranged a coordinated barrage of cannon and bazooka fire into Sherman’s position from both directions.

While the barrage continued Lowry’s First Corps under the command of Major General Perry Lawton moved forward toward a position on Sherman left flank, while troops under Lieutenant General John J. Hardee moved toward Sherman’s right flank, positioning himself between Sherman and the City of Atlanta itself.  On cue, Lowry and Hood’s Armies opened fire and the emphasis suddenly shifted, as General Sherman rushed to meet this new threat.  Lawton and Hardee quickly rolled up Sherman’s flanks like a carpet, until nearly half of his the Union Army was decimated.  Then suddenly the firing halted, which was good news to Sherman, now they could regroup!

The two Generals Hood and Lowry standing together again after returning from a review of their respective battle positions, called in a Private by the name of Sidney McNair.  General Hood did the speaking; Private, take this white flag of truce and ride over the ridge, while being careful that the enemy sees your white flag before showing yourself.  Once it appears safe, deliver this message to General Sherman, personally.  Wait for a reply if he choose to give one; do you understand?  Yes Sir, replied Private McNair; you are dismissed, ordered General Hood.  Private McNair saluted his Commander and departed!


P.M. 20 July 1864


Sherman paced back and forth in his tent while Generals Thomas and Howard waited nearby for a decision as to their next move, when a Union Sentry opened the flap of the tent, calling out to General Sherman.  General Sherman sir, a Confederate Messenger under a flag of truce, with a message to be delivered to you personally.  Show him in Sentry, with that Private McNair entered and stood before General Sherman, handing him the note.  Sherman gazed over the message, then read it aloud, it is our desire to prevent any further and unnecessary effusion of blood; therefore you are offered this opportunity to surrender your Army.

Sherman looked at his two Generals standing to one side as he continued, they are giving us 30 minutes to make a decision, he stated, after which they will open fire, with full intentions of continuing until all resistance is silenced.  General Thomas - Howard, I want your honest assessment of our situation as well as your recommendation.  Remember that our choice is to fight on, at the cost of many more lives or else we will surrender and scuttle any chance of retaking Georgia.  Both of you must know, that if this enlarged Confederate Army is allowed to escape, there is no doubt as to where they will go from here, because in their place, we would make precisely the same choice.

General Howard looked at Thomas, then at Sherman, regardless of what we do here, they will overtake us, they have the superior numbers and an enormous firepower.  If there were the slightest chance of our overtaking them, I’d recommend otherwise, but as things now stand, and with a deep sense of regret, I recommend surrender.  Sherman looked at General Thomas and said, speak up you’ve got something on your mind, say it now, this is the time for stating what must be said.  All right, said General Thomas, I would that another option were open to us, but quite frankly there is none, I agree with General Howard, we must surrender.

Lieutenant Generals John Bell Hood and Walter Lowry used this brief period of quiet to call for a quick Council of War, inasmuch as all of their respective Commanders were in the vicinity.  The Generals being gathered together, around what had been a camp fire before the coming of the dawn, General Hood address them, General Lowry, save for the arrival of your Army, Sherman and my own situations, would be reversed.  Answer me this General Lowry, what do you believe Sherman will do?   Will he surrender or we must open fire?  General Lowry thought for a moment then replied, whatever Sherman does, we dare not allow him to escape!

We have all agreed, Sherman is unlike most other men, because he is in effect a Criminal General, and must be made to answer for his crimes.  Our intervention here has halted what would have been a major human disaster, this man would have marched across Georgia in a rampage, murdering, raping, pillaging and burning, without regard to unarmed civilians.  We need only look at his previous record, and as we all know there are witnesses to his crimes.  Witnesses that are scattered from here in Georgia back across his tenure to Vicksburg.  Almighty God has preserved all of our lives Gentlemen, toward this moment in history!

Sherman, looking at his Generals then stated, “better that I had been killed in battle, then to see this day, get me a Private while I write a message, I fear history will mark this as the turning point, leading to the Union’s loss of this war.”  While Sherman wrote a reply, a Private standing near the Sentry outside was ordered to escort Confederate Private McNair back toward his own lines!  Soon the two Privates, one Union the other Confederate entered the tent and saluted.  Sherman looking at Private McNair, then ask of him, would you be so kind as to escort Private Henry Walker here, across your lines, so he may deliver my message to General Hood?

Private McNair gave a yes sir, and soon the two Privates were excused, and were on their way!  About that time two of Hood’s Confederate Sentries were biding their time talking about their girl friends back home, which they had left behind, and whether or not they still had a home, let along girl friends.  When suddenly they saw a Union and a Confederate Soldier walking toward them, the Union Soldier now bearing the white flag, could this be a sign the Yankees are capitulating, said one Sentry speaking to the other?  As the two Sentries approached from the direction of Sherman’s lines neither of them said anything, since everyone involved knew who they were, and where they were heading.

One of the Confederate Sentries fell in along side them, serving as an escort, leading both of them to the Command tent of Lieutenant General John Bell Hood!  The time was running short, Hood and Lowery were even then preparing to give the order to open fire, when the Headquarters Sentry on guard opened the flap and called out to General Hood.  General Hood sir, a message for you sir, which is carried by two curriers!  Let them enter, ordered General Hood, just then the Union and Confederate Privates entered and stood before the two Generals.  The other Confederate Commanders, having already departed to rejoin their Commands!


22 July 1864


The Yankee Private handed General Hood the message he carried, and stated “General Sherman’s reply sir”; Hood slowly read the message, then handed it to General Lowry.  It was still relatively early in the day and Hood knew he must conclude the surrender before the day had warn away completely, so Hood wrote a reply to Sherman’s offer of Surrender.  The surrender will be unconditional, the five Armies under Sherman’s Command in the area, will fall in according to the rank and the seniority of their respective Commanders, this formation shall take place in an open space south of Peachtree Creek!

The Union Commands will fall in to the north and the Confederate Commands to the South parallel to and facing each other, with a space of about 30 yards between them.  Brigadier General Joseph E. Johnson’s Command will secure the perimeter, while Colonel John Marshall’s Black ‘Special Tactics’ Command shall fall in to the west thereby closing the formation.  The Union Armies will stack their Arms prior to falling into formation, save for their Commanding Generals, who will retain their swords for purposes of the surrender ceremony.  The order went out, “there will be no meeting with General Sherman or his Commanders to negotiate terms!”


At 11:00 A.M. sharp Confederate Lieutenant Generals John Bell Hood and Walter Lowry approached the formation on horseback from the east, their dismounted horses were handed over to a Private by the name of William Bentley, who walked them away.  The five Colonels attached to Lowry’s General Staff awaited on the east end of the formation, three on the right and two on the left.  They are by name, Albert Einstein, Martin Garrett, Calvin Brevard, Edward Wright and myself George McCullum.  The two Generals stood in the eastern most end of the formation, looking down the long formations of Union Troops.


Colonel Edward Wright our Chaplain, stepped out of formation according to plan and joined the two Generals, he would offer an invocation.  A table sat in the middle of the formation with two chairs, one on the north side, and the other on the south!  I tried to remain at attention looking straight forward, but I couldn’t help myself, I had to turn my head ever so slightly, and peek out of the corner of my eye.  Lieutenant General Walter Lowry called for five Confederate Generals by name, which would stand before the five Union Commanders and receive their swords, immediately after Sherman’s own sword was surrendered.

They were Lieutenant Generals William Tatum, Joseph Wheeler and John J. Hardee, as well as Major Generals William W. Loring and Perry Lawton.  Lieutenant General Lowry then called out an order of ‘front and center’ to Colonels Albert Einstone and myself George McCullum.  We both fell out of rank and marched smartly toward the center, where the two Generals were still standing at attention.  As we approached, Lowry very quietly and discretely directed us to take up a position beside the Chaplain to the Generals right hand side.  He then whispered, you two made all this possible, this is the hour for which you both have long waited!

General Hood then stated; the three of you will march with us, then as we reach the table in the center, one of you will position yourself on the east side of the table, the other on the west, there you will bear witnesses to the surrender.  As for myself, I didn’t know what Professor Albert Einstone was thinking, but as for me, this is the dream of a lifetime, bringing the Criminal General to justice.  We began to move toward the table in the center, as we marched my eyes were focused on the Yankee Armies lined up to my left, then on my right, more Confederate Troops then would have been possible under to old time line.

We finally reached the middle of the formations, General William Tecumseh Sherman was called forth from his place, and Lieutenant General Walter Lowry stood to one side, while the two Generals sat down at the table.  There were two copies of the Surrender Document, Sherman read his copy, the men signed, and then they exchanged copies and signed again.  Both men stood to their feet as Sherman ceremoniously unsheathed and surrendered his sword to Lieutenant General John Bell Hood.  Only moments after Sherman surrendered his sword, the Commanders of the various Corps under Sherman’s Command, could be seen surrendering their swords, almost in unison.

This having been accomplished, the Union Armies Under Sherman passed into history!  In Washington Abraham Lincoln was about to receive the shocking news of the surrender of General Sherman as well as four other Generals along with their Corps.  In the meantime General Lowry sent Colonel Calvin Brevard into town to give Mayor Clement Hoffman the initial report.  The Colonel rode off in the direction of the city, upon arrival it wasn’t difficult to find the Mayor, who was speaking to a gathering of citizens.  After a brief handshake and a few exchanges of polite words, Colonel Brevard explained; I realize Mr. Mayor these people are critically short of food supplies due to the war, but I believe there is a solution.

Mayor Hoffman was fully attentive as were the people might find such a supply of food!  Round up a couple of wagons, we can provide one if you need; ride out of town to the southeast, you will come to an old dirt road, which branches off to the southwest.  You will know it by a large old tree that has been felled and is lying back off to one corner.  A man in the crowd spoke up saying, I know that old road, there was once a large farm at the end of it, owned by old man Jesse Groggin and his family.  The old man died and the family moved to Tennessee before the war.

Well the Colonel said, that farm is now occupied by a sizeable number of ladies, who raises various crops, among them you will find one to which you may not be accustomed, that being Peanuts.  They also have Chickens, Goats, Milking Cows and other such animals!  Meanwhile in Washington it was early morning when Major General Henry W. Halleck, Lincoln’s Chief of Staff, knocked on Lincoln’s office door and was granted entry.  Mr. President, regretfully I must inform you of the Surrender of General Sherman, just outside of Atlanta.  Did any of the other Generals with him manage to avoid his fate, asks Lincoln?  No sir, they did not, replied Halleck!  They are no doubt celebrations taking place in the streets of Atlanta, Mr. President!

What happened in Georgia Halleck, I thought victory was all but assured, Sherman is one of our most capable Generals, he had Hood on the run!  Mr. President, General Hood has been reinforced and re-supplied; his Army is now a match for any we have in the field.  How did all this come about Halleck, tell me!   A new Confederate Army has seemingly arisen out of nowhere, and it is reported, they have weapons unlike anything in our arsenal.  They are known as the Army of Central Georgia, and commanded by a Lieutenant General Walter Lowry.  He is obviously as unknown to the Confederates as he is to us!


27 September 1864

Meanwhile back in Georgia the Surrender Ceremonies had concluded, and the Union Prisoners were separated into Enlisted and Officer Personnel and marched off into confinement.  The leadership of the Army of Central Georgia, knowing in advance before traveling back in time, that should they succeed, there would be far more new prisoners of war then the Confederacy could handle.  Thus they brought back with them the mean to confine, as well as to feed, house and cloth them.  While the strategy was being carried out for constituting what became the Army of Central Georgia, a strategy was laid to expand and upgrade the Andersonville Prison.


This expansion and upgrading proved to be a benefit not only for the prisoners confined there but also the guards, who had previously been as under fed, as were those they were guarding.  It was hoped that given this New Confederate Army, the War could be ended in favor of the Confederacy, and their Yankee Prisoners would then be sent home.  Knowing this a separate space was set-aside for those who were charged with or found guilty of Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes.  The First Customer would no doubt be the Criminal General himself, William Tecumseh Sherman.


Unknown to the Confederate Commanders at the time, not all of Sherman’s Union Soldiers had surrendered that day; an entire company had slipped away to the southwest hoping to escape the Confederate Patrols.  Reaching the same dirt road where the ladies had set up a farm, they were confident that they could make a raid.  They all laughed and made jokes that when they were finished these people would consider death to be a blessing.  They normally would not have known that a farm was at the end of the road, accepted that fresh wagon tracks marked the way.

The further down the road they went, there were more and more trees, shrubs as well as thickly wooded stands on both sides, until finally they could hear the sound of animals as they approach an old wooden gate marking the entrance to the farm.  Suddenly out of nowhere there were rifle shots, and a Corporal named Justin Robinson who had slipped out of their Union Encampment with them shouted, someone out there has repeaters, head for the woods boys.  They all headed to the left side of the road toward a stand of trees and shrubs, when suddenly the rifle fire stopped on the one side and open up on the other.

They were being cut to shreds even as they attempted to seek cover, until finally there were only 19 of them remaining, the others had already been downed.  Then almost in unison those remaining alive fell to the ground, in an attempt to make whomever was doing the firing believe they were already dead.  The Corporal took a peek, just a tiny bit to see who was coming out of the woods.  And to his surprise he saw what must have been 50 ladies, all bearing some kind of repeaters, like he’d never seen before.  One lady looking down at him demanded in a loud voice, get up you Yankees, in about 30 seconds or everyone still alive and remaining on the ground will be shot.

The 19 of them immediately stood to their feet!  The Yankee Army is surrendering just outside of Atlanta, what are you doing here, perhaps you’re thinking of raping, pillaging and reeking havoc, like a band of barbarians.  One Yankee Private considered reaching for a weapon lying on the road, until one of the women, a Mrs. Susan Broderick advised him other wise.  Soldier, don’t even consider it, I’ll drop you where you stand!  What these Union Soldiers did not know, is that while these ladies were not trained soldiers, still, they had been taught to defend themselves; most of their husbands had been themselves Army Special Forces back in the 21st Century.

By 27 September all of the prisoners had been separated and on their way to an expanded Andersonville, while those accused of War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity were being retained outside of Atlanta.  Suitable facilities were being arranged for their temporary confinement as well as for seating a War Crimes Tribunal.  On the morning of 3 October, I was called in to speak with General Lowry, when Lieutenant General Hood entered the Command Tent of the Army of Central Georgia.  General Hood was greeted by Lowry with a warm welcome!


The two men were very informal, given how well they had come to know each other during the recent turn of events.  Greetings John, am I premature in saying you are coming to say good-by?  Well Walt, I am leaving with my Army, but I hope our good-bys will be only temporary!   Nonetheless thanks to your assistance in reinforcing and rearming my soldiers, we are now ready to take on the Union Army in Tennessee.  Anything else I can do John, all you need do is let me know!  Here, here, Walt, what you have provided already, along with the generous contributions by Sherman’s Army, well, we do have everything we need.

They each gave a warm hand shake, as General Hood moved toward the exit of the tent, he looked back at his new friend and commented, “I need not ask where I might find you, I feel confident that wherever Lincoln is, there will you be also.”  General Lowry gave a big smile, confirming in my mind where our next orders would lead us.  Just about then the Sentry entered and announced that an older gray haired man wished to speak to General Lowry, as it turned out he was a member of the Atlanta City Council.  Let him enter Sentry, ordered the General, with that the man entered and paused for a moment.

The Mayor’s messenger, a man named Alfred Scott approached the General, the two men shock hands!  Mayor Hoffman has ask me to inform you that the confinement facilities you need, are ready for your prisoners.  Also the alterations you specified to the court facilities are also finished, a seven man panel of citizens have been chosen, and they are now prepared to sit as Judges on the War Crimes Tribunal, just as you have requested.  Armed volunteers have already departed on fresh mounts, in route to Chattanooga as well as Vicksburg, in an expectation of bringing back with them, all the witnesses you will need for the coming trials.

Mr. Scott, stated the General, you do realize Chattanooga and Vicksburg are under occupation, as well as just about everything in between!  The men the Mayor has sent, can these volunteers avoid the Yankee Occupation?  Yes sir, replied Mr. Scott, one of them was chosen specifically for this purpose; shall I call it talent sir, which enables him to get in and out of some very unusual places.  Also we have plenty of witnesses already in the area, sufficient for the earlier trials, our volunteers should have returned by the time the later trials are taking place.  The General nodded his head in the affirmative and then replied, very good, very good indeed!


At that moment inasmuch as everyone accept for myself had left General Lowry’s Headquarters Tent, I thought it was time for me to excuse myself, so I asked the General; “Sir, would you prefer that I leave!”  No, I want you to remain, I have an assignment for you”, replied General Lowry.  Just then Sergeant Major Henry Carpenter entered, saluted and asked the General, sir, you ask for me?”  Yes I have a job for both Colonel McCullum and yourself, let me explain.  Sergeant Major Carpenter, I am assigning you to the Colonel’s command, your newly formed regiment is located at the rear of this Command Tent, in effect Sergeant Major you are now a Jailer.

1 October 1864


Colonel McCullum, your assignment is to oversee the coming War Crimes Trials, make sure everything is going off in an efficient and timely manner and according to plan.  You’ve wanted to see General Sherman on trial all of your adult life, history has caught up with you; Colonel, I believe you were born for this moment, so make sure it happens.  The Colonel then surprised even me, if General Sherman is the Criminal General you say he is, then march him into Atlanta in chains.  The General opened a saddlebag lying on his bunk, and pulled out an especially made set of chain, the kind that secures the ankles, wrists and waist.


Excuse me for asking General, if it is not my place to ask but where shall you yourself be during all this time?  I am sure you could have guessed correctly but as you know we’ve been here for some time this morning discussing various issues.  While at the same time our Army has been preparing to march northward into Virginia, there we will join up General Lee.  It is my hope to alter history one more time by making sure it is General Ulysses S. Grant that surrenders.  Then I hope to convince General Lee that the two of us should pay Abraham Lincoln a visit.

Lincoln believes in using force to achieve political ends, I am sure he’ll be impressed with the combination of the Army of Northern Virginia and the Army Central Georgia.  The Sergeant Major and myself were dismissed, and soon we were about the business of our new assignment!  The Sergeant Major and myself had no sooner rounded up our regiment, as well as our prisoners, and were preparing to head out of what was left of the encampment, when we paused to take notice of Lieutenant General Walter Lowry and our Army completing their preparations to move out, heading toward the North Carolina line.  I wondered within myself, would I ever see my friend again?

We halted what we were now dubbing the Atlanta Regiment, as well as our prisoners, so as to arrange a grand entry!  The Sergeant Major stood along with the Regiment, while two privates placed the chains on General Sherman.  I then mounted my horse and we began marching Sherman, the short distance into Atlanta!  The crowds lined the street on both sides so as to see their would be persecutor brought before them in chains, chains they believed he rightfully deserved.  The good citizens of Atlanta jeered Sherman and shouted at him, and all this got the attention of Mayor Clement Hoffman, as well as many of the City Fathers.

As we approached the position where the Mayor was standing I paused, while the Mayor spoke briefly to General Sherman; “General, you are a vile criminal of the worst kind, that you would invade our homeland to rape, pillage, burn and kill the innocent.  Now you will receive the justice you denied others!”  All of my life before we came back in time, I had dreamed of such a moment, and now it was coming to pass.  That his man would have been treated as a hero is a cruel distortion of the truth!  Sherman didn’t say anything, I guess he just knew better, now that he had no army to command, and was forced to face the very people he had persecuted.

As we stood there one women walked up close to him and screamed, “you evil man, my daughter, son in law and grandchild was burned out of their home in Chattanooga by your gang of criminals, he was murdered and she was raped.  Our grandchild was held in the air at the end of a sword, while your Yankees butchers laughed in a drunken stupor.  Your not worthy to breathe our good Southern air, you beast!”  I don’t know what Sherman was thinking that day, but as for me, I believe in justice, and if any man deserved to feel the sting of justice, it is he.

We proceeded down the street to the temporary detention facility, where he would be held awaiting trial.  After locking him up securely, leaving the chains on him for now and leaving a couple of Sentries, I returned to the edge of town, making a second trip down this same route, with the other Officers and Enlisted men, who were also being charged with War Crimes.  Again the crowds jeered and screamed at them, and if it weren’t for their respect for us as Confederate Soldiers, there is no doubt in my mind, they would have charged at them and beat them to death right here in the street.


Once they were safely locked up, the chains were removed from Sherman and Sentries place in and around the facility.  We had just settled in when three ladies, which I recognized as being among those that had traveled back in time with our Army, entered the door with 19 Yankee Soldiers, all tied up, and quite nicely I might add.  A Mrs. Joyce Rowland seemed to be the leading lady among them; “Colonel, she said, here are 19 more prisoners.  They apparently left Sherman’s Encampment sometime before or during the surrender, with every intention of going on one of those customary Yankees rampages.

Originally there was an entire company of them, but they somehow ran into more ladies then they could handle not withstanding a wall of lead, and were felled.  Very good replied the Colonel, the Army couldn’t have done better itself, I take it they learned that meekness in our women, does not translate into weakness?  Most certainly replied another lady answering to the name of Charlotte Jamison, but one of them might need a good Orthopedic Surgeon, since I had to shoot him in the foot for attempting to escape.  Thank you again ladies; I was going to ask if you need our help, but given what I see here, I am tempted to reconsider!     


As we spoke the remainder of the regiment was settling into their new living quarters, which had once been the sizeable home of a local Atlanta Businessman, a man killed earlier in the war.  His family moved away to Charlotte North Carolina with her relatives!  As we were moving into our new quarters Mayor Hoffman paid me a visit, just as the ladies were leaving.  We shook hands as he expressed his gratitude that our Army had come to their rescue.  Mayor, I am sure that if our positions reversed you would have done likewise in my behalf, as well as for the sake of this great City.”

The Mayor continued; ”I will take full responsibility for transferring the property to your use, I am sure the owner would approve of our using this empty home as living space for our Soldiers.”  We will restore the properly, I replied, to its proper condition, should the family wish to return, of that you can be certain.  Our Atlanta Regiment was responsible for the security of the detention facility, which is like unto a kind of oversized jail, as well as the Court House itself, once the trial gets underway.  It was my full intention that everything should go off as smoothly as possible, given the present War Time circumstances.


9 November 1864

The first of the trials opened a few days after bringing the prisoners to town, whereupon I entered the courtroom to bear witness to this historic event, I positioned myself against the back wall on the right hand side of the entrance.  The entire layout was just as I had imagined; a large Judges Bench lifted up on a platform, where there was seated seven Judges, wearing Black Robes.  There was a witness booth positioned on the Judges left hand side and slightly forward.  Then there was somewhat elongated tables situated on the main floor, in front of the Judges Bench and a fair distance back, one on the right for the Prosecuting Attorneys another of the left for the Defense Attorneys.


The War Crimes Trials would go on for five months, as witness after witness testified before the Tribunal, the Defense as well as the Prosecuting Attorney both argued their respective cases.  All this reminded me of the Nuremberg Trials after the Second World War, which wouldn’t take place now for over 80 years.  Meanwhile news began to filter our way that not only had General Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia been reinforced and rearmed, but that together Lee and Lowery had General Grant on the run.  Abraham Lincoln had withdrawn approximately 60,000 Garrison Troops from Arlington Virginia and the surrounding areas of Maryland, so as to fortify his Capital City.

It didn’t take a military strategist to figure out that it was only a matter of time before Grant would be forced to surrender, after which no one, be they Union or Confederate, had any doubts as to Lee and Lowry’s ultimate destination.  The results were that many of the sick and wounded left their hospital beds early, and men, who become doubtful of a Confederate victory and had simply left, now returned.   Many older men considered beyond the age of service reported for duty!  Soon there were enough men for General Lowry to form two entirely new Corps, one under the command of Calvin Brevard, the other under Martin Garrett.

Both men had, out of the necessities of war, been promoted to Brevet Brigadier General, so as to be able to accept their new billets, these new troops were uniformed and supplied from the several camouflaged stations, situated around the Confederacy for just such an occasion.  In Washington, Lincoln conferred with his Vice President Andrew Johnson, Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton as well as his Secretary of State, William H. Steward.  Gentlemen, it must be obvious, General Grant cannot hold out much longer and our citizens are close to becoming hostile themselves toward this administration, as a result of recent setbacks in the war.

These setbacks have cost us the election, come spring George B. McClellan will be President and George Hunt Pendleton Vice President, and I’d like very much to end this war before they take office.   Secretary of State Steward pretty much voiced the sentiment of all of them.  “Mr. President, as it turns out, it might have been to our benefit to have agreed to a Conference with Jefferson Davis early in this war, at that time we might have gained some small advantage.  However, it appears now we are about to have terms dictated to us by one or both, Generals Lee or Lowry.”


The conversation passed to Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, who decided to emphasis his view by standing to his feet, “Mr. President, you must be aware that Confederate General John Bell Hood is on the verge of taking back Tennessee.  He will no doubt move south toward Memphis, Vicksburg and New Orleans, if we haven’t ourselves surrendered by that time.”  All right stated Lincoln, we have lost Georgia, we are about to loose Tennessee, and we can’t seem to stop Hood, Lee or Lowry.  Even as we speak, General John Hunt Morgan with his own band of reinforced and rearmed Raiders is running loose all over Kentucky.

Might I add, that our position in Arkansas and Texas is tenuous at best, then we have yet another raider running circles around our Generals, an unknown Colonel John Marshall, reported to be a Black Confederate Officer in Command of a Regiment.  Speaking to Jefferson Davis will no longer buy us any advantages, but we can do our best to defend this city!  General Halleck is hereby given command of these heretofore Garrison Troops, which we have rounded up from Arlington and the outer fringes of Washington in Maryland.  I am sure Grant will hold out as long as he can, but time for him is running out, unless he manages to shake off Lee and this heretofore unknown General Lowry. 

I realize General Halleck is an administrative Officer, but he is pretty much all we have to work with at this time and there isn’t time to call in someone more qualified from the field.  Lincoln then looked directly at Stanton, with a melancholy look in his eye, Mr. Secretary, order the blockade ships to leave their position along the Southern Atlantic and Gulf Coasts and move north in defense of our own shores.  Given what these Confederates have done on land, I am not taking any chances with a possible invasion by sea!  The meeting came to an end, as the others were departing, Lincoln turned to his Vice President!

“Would you very quietly investigate the possibility of a conference with Jefferson Davis?  See if we might be able to make contact with him, and do it very discreetly; there must not be even the slightest appearance of capitulation.  Perhaps a meeting could be arranged, in a location amendable to both of us, if it proves possible, make sure it is away from public scrutiny by either the citizens or the press.”  However Lincoln’s overture toward Davis proved to be to little to late, by years end, George McClellan had resigned his commission and had his new administration all but ready to take power.


27 November 1864

It was no secret that McClellan would be a peace President and from the beginning of the Lincoln Administration, he had objected to invading the South, though as an Officer he respected his Commander in Chief.  But now it was his opportunity, the people supported him and if Lincoln failed to bring an end to this war, President George B. McClellan himself would make it happen.  In Atlanta the War Crimes Trials were ending far sooner then expected, so the Atlanta Regiment boarded a train headed for Richmond.  The citizens of Richmond greeted us warmly; nonetheless by 29 November we found our way to an area just above Fredericksburg.

Generals Lee and Lowery had managed to trap General Grant’s Army of the Potomac against the Rappahannock River, Lee was to the South of Grant, half of Lowry Army was to the west and the other half to the north of the river.  The strategy was to push Grant down river to where he couldn’t wade or bridge his way across.  I was in General Lee’s Headquarters Tent having just reported; the Atlanta Regiment was being discussed.  It was Lee’s proposal that the Regiment not be broken up, but used in a similar way as Lowry had used Colonel John Marshall’s Regiment.

The discussion was interrupted by noise just outside; the Sentry poked his head inside calling out Generals sir, the President of the Confederate States, Jefferson Davis and his entourage.  I was awe struck, having felt humbled in meeting General Robert E. Lee, but here was Jefferson Davis, our beloved President and this wasn’t an historical reenactment, it was the real thing.  The two Generals headed for the Tent opening, so as to great the President of the Confederacy, and I followed.  President Davis pulled up in his carriage, escorted by a dozen cavalrymen and accompanied by James Seddon Secretary of War.


Once Davis stepped down from his carriage, everyone present, Officer and Enlisted alike saluted the President, to which he having been an Officer himself in years gone by, gave a return salute, then reached out to shake hands with his Generals.  I was standing nearby not anticipating that the President of the Confederacy would shake my hand.  Nonetheless he stood before me reaching out his hand, and I found myself face to face with Jefferson Davis, whom I had read so much about from history.  The President looked at me with a question in his eye; “You wouldn’t by chance be the famous Colonel of the Atlanta Regiment?

Your work with the War Crimes Trials was outstanding, you managed to combine a Military Courts Marshall with a Civil Trial and come up with the best of both worlds, and the basic principles of humanity have never been stated so nobly.  After this terrible war is over, I wish to see you in Richmond; we have much to discuss.  I looked at President Davis, thinking in my mind, never in my life had I ever anticipated such a thing, that of being invited to the Whitehouse of the Confederacy, under President Jefferson Davis.  Yes sir Mr. President, I replied, it will be my honor to see you in Richmond!


General Lowry then invited the President and Secretary Seddon inside the Command Tent, so the five of us entered, knowing of a certainty, the President did not come all this way to merely socialize.  Once inside the President was offered a cup of coffee, compliments of Major General Philip Sheridan who had already surrendered his army a week earlier at the onset of what was becoming known as the Rappahannock River Campaign.  Let me be straightforward with you gentlemen, President Lincoln has made overtures, seeking a meeting between the two of us.

My reply was that any initial meeting would take place between he and two of my Generals, this is where the two of you come into the picture, Generals Lee and Lowry.  The meeting is scheduled to take place on 4 December, is there any reason why either of you should not attend?  Do you both have adequate substitutes who can stand in your stead during your absence?  General Lee looked at General Lowry, who had become the missing link to winning this war.  Mr. President, as for myself I can have Lieutenant General Ambrose P. Hill take temporary Command.


The President then looked at General Lowry, who replied in kind; Lieutenant General William Tatum is well qualified to stand in for me while I am away, he has been with me every mile of the way.  Let me put it this way, Lincoln must have his Armies lay down their arms or we can negotiate no further.  No preconditions on our part is acceptable; he has refused to accept my peace overtures ever since the beginning of this war, now he must prove he is serious about ending hostilities, and removing his armies from our homeland is a first priority.  Colonel John Marshall might run recognizance at a distance around Manassas Junction, where the meeting will be held!

I want comments from both of you on this, it is important that we agree upon how things will unfold, stated the President!  General Lee replied first, we are very close to a surrender of Grant’s Army of the Potomac, but I don’t perceive any problems, should he surrender while we are at Manassas.  Lee then looked at General Lowry, who made his own reply; Mr. President, I believe we are all in agreement, my replacement will do just fine, should Grant surrender in my own absence.  Grant is trapped, he cannot bridge the river, and even if he managed to do so, half of the Army of Central Georgia awaits him before he ever steps foot on the north bank.

All right then gentlemen, I will leave it in your capable hands, my plan is to return to Richmond and await further updates!  One last item of interest, Vice President Alexander Stevens has arrived from Georgia, at my request.  His services will be sorely needed during the coming weeks, so if he can help in any way, let me know.  We all left the Headquarters Tent, where there was another round of handshakes, whereupon we all saluted our Commander in Chief as he stepped aboard his carriage, and his entourage rode away.  Orders were given to Colonel Marshall that very day, which prompted him to immediately ride off with his Black Raiders!


The next morning, General Robert E. Lee and Lieutenant General Walter Lowry rode out of the encampment, with 21 specially chosen members of their two armies.  However, Lee was intrigued at Lincoln’s sudden change of heart, he had always been so persistent, even in moments of defeat, that somehow he would prevail, why seek terms now?  On his way to Manassas he found out the reason!  Major General Henry Philip Sheridan’s 6th Corp was his trump card, but Sheridan had been drawn south from Waynesburg to reinforce Grant who was now trapped.


This left General Jubal Early and his Army to roam about Maryland!  Meanwhile Brevet Major General George Armstrong Custer in his natural arrogance believed he could stop Jubal Early outside of Washington.  Thus he took it upon himself to break with Grant, aside from any orders to the contrary and move toward Arlington.  Custer had been so accustomed to pushing his way through every battle of the war, he failed to take into consideration, that Early, like Lee had been reinforced and rearmed.  As a result history was altered once more when Custer himself was felled in a fierce battle north of Washington, in Central Maryland.     


19 January 1865


The afternoon of the same day, 3 December, the day in which the two Confederate Commanders were entering Manassas Junction, a rider came galloping up to them with the news; General Ulysses S. Grant has surrendered to Lieutenant Generals William Tatum and Ambrose P. Hill this very morning.  Both Generals looked at each other with a smile, and commented; this will bring to our meeting with President Lincoln, an entirely different atmosphere.  However this was not to be the case, when demands were made of Lincoln for him to surrender his Armies under unconditional terms, he bolted and broke off further negotiations.

The meeting between President Davis and Abraham Lincoln would not take place, at least not under present conditions!  The two Generals drafted a report to their Commander in Chief and returned to their respective commands.  The only option left to Generals Lee and Lowry was to plan a joint campaign against the Union Capital City of Washington.  General Lee felt it urgent to hasten the end of the war; the best opportunity to accomplish those ends was to bring the war to Washington’s own doorstep.  Still he felt it best to consult with President Davis before marching his Army north, such as he had done in the case of his Gettysburg Campaign.

While the two Generals rode into Richmond for a conference with the President, the new prisoners of war, which had been gained when General Grant surrendered were divided into manageable size groups and marched away to prison.  While in Richmond it was learned that Lieutenant General John Bell Hood had moved through Chattanooga with little resistance.  He then marched on to Nashville, receiving sizeable opposition, but given his numbers and firepower, the Yankees had no other option but to capitulate.  On his way to Memphis he and Major General Nathan Bedford Forrest, joined forces and in drove the Union Army out of Memphis.

Lieutenant General Hood and Major General Forrest were at this time in Vicksburg with the regiments of Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton’s dissolved Army.  I had to smile, knowing that the two Generals would not be content until they took back New Orleans and Mobile.  Meanwhile President Davis had suggested that Brigadier General William N. Pendleton’s Corps along with Brigadier General Martin Garrett should remain as a contingency to secure Richmond.  Lee’s first chore upon returning was to order General P.G.T. Beauregard north to Arlington, along with Brigadier General Calvin Brevard.

The remainder of General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia and Lieutenant General Walter Lowry’s Army of Central Georgia finally began their march north on 19 January, the fourth anniversary of Georgia’s Secession from the Union.  President Abraham Lincoln looked out his Whitehouse window, where he could see the Confederate Flag flying over the Lee Mansion in Arlington.  He was also aware that the longest column of troops ever gathered together during this war, was even now crossing the Potomac River into Maryland at Springdale, just above Washington.  He didn’t have to guess why and for whom they were coming!


As word spread, their ranks swelled by the thousands as the men left their sick beds, while those considered beyond the age of service persistently joined their ranks.  They all wanted to be in on the capture of Abraham Lincoln and his Capital City!  The results of the Battle of Washington were a foregone conclusion!  Lincoln knew the routine, first would come the bombardment, then a moment of deafening silence, after which the Gray Backs would occupy the Union Capital as they marched onward looking for him personally.  All he had left between himself and Robert E. Lee’s troops was a regiment of green garrison troops!


A year after the wars end, at a reunion of the Army of Central Georgia, we all fondly recalled the sight of so many troops crossing the Potomac River!  I myself was positioned at the edge of the river on horseback that day, beside General Robert E. Lee and Lieutenant General Walter Lowry as the three of us watched the endless columns of Confederate Soldiers.  They eagerly crossed over into Maryland, in route to a face off with Abraham Lincoln’s Army, and in such numbers it seemed, as thou the end of the line would never come.  Lieutenant General Lowry noticing my expression at the time, remarked; “I assume all this meets your expectations.”      


God save the Confederacy                                





Log onboard Part II of this story,

Click below, hyperlink attached!

Ahab of the North


"But I will remove far off from you the northern army, and will drive him into a land barren and desolate, with his face toward the east sea, and his hinder parts stoward utmost sea, and his stick shall come up, and his lill savour shall come up, because he hath done great things."  {Joel 2:20}